Author's intended audience
The author's audience is/are the person/people the author is addressing. Who did the author write this for?
Author's point of view
The author's point of view is his/her position on an issue, or in other words, the author's opinion or belief regarding an issue.
Author's purpose is the author's reason for writing. Why did he/she write this?
An assumption is something that is taken for granted to be true, accepted as truth without proof.
Assumptions can be logical or illogical.
Logical assumptions are based on the information the author has provided. There is textual evidence that can support a logical assumption.
Illogical assumptions do not make sense, there is no textual evidence to support an illogical assumption.
The author's tone is his/her use of words and writing style to convey the attitude towards the topic.
Including: sarcastic, serious, urgent, compassionate, angry, amused, disapproving, threatening, supportive, apologetic, arrogant, mocking, humorous, remorseful
Context Clues are words in a sentence or paragraph that help you reason out the meaning of an unfamiliar word.
Types of Context Clues:
An inference is a logical conclusion that is based on what an author has stated.
A conclusion is a decision, opinion, or judgment reached after thoughtful consideration of material you have read. It must be based on information you have read, but must go beyond what the author states. A conclusion is usually drawn at the end of reading something.
Stated Main Idea
The stated main idea is the sentence in a paragraph that contains both the topic and the author's single most important point about this topic.
To determine Main Idea, ask yourself: What is the most important thing the author wants me to know about the topic?
Implied Main Idea
When an author implies their main point rather than stating it as a single sentence, it is called an implied main idea, and the reader must construct a sentence that expresses the author's main point.
There are three ways to figure out implied main idea:
Supporting details are the sentences in the paragraph that give more information about the main idea.
Supporting details include:
Think of the acronym FIRES to help you remember supporting details.
F stands for Facts- details that can be proven like names, dates, places, research findings, steps in a process, etc.
I stands for Incidents - personal details: An author's observations and
R is for Reasons - when the author explains why he or she feels a certain way towards a topic.
E is for Examples -details that create a mental picture of the point the author is trying to make. Examples help (you) the reader understand a specific scenario.
S is for Statistics -details that are made up of numerical data and support what the author is claiming.
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At the bottom of the page select "Reading"
Reading Comprehension Practice:
Visit the following websites for additional reading practice.
Author's purpose and tone