Reference
Richland College Library

Academic Articles

Selected by Richland Librarians

For help in locating articles with opposing points of view, see:

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MLA citation examples for articles found in the Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center database
or
MLA citation examples for articles found in EBSCOhost databases (Academic Search Complete, MasterFILE Premier, and Middle Search Plus)

Capital Punishment -- College Tuition Costs --,Depression -- Divorce -- Finances -- Global Warming,-- Health Care -- HIV/AIDS -- Illegal Immigration -- Iraq -- Learning -- Media Violence -- Obesity -- Pollution -- Rain Forests -- Renewable Energy -- School Uniforms -- School Violence -- Water

Capital Punishment

Title: "The Victims and the Furies in American Courts"
Author: Cohen, Michael
Source: Humanist, Jan/Feb2006, Vol. 66 Issue 1, p19-23, 5 pages
Database: Academic Search Complete
Publisher: EBSCOhost.
URL: http://search.ebscohost.com

Abstract: This article argues against death penalty. The nature of the death penalty was pointed out by journalist and social critic H. L. Mencken. The article claims that vengeance is the strongest reason for a society to embrace death penalty. A discussion of what literature and myth says about courts of law replacing the rule of revenge is offered.
(Argument)

Title: "Capital Punishment and Violence"
Author: Grant, Robert
Source: Humanist, Jan/Feb2004, Vol. 64 Issue 1, p25-29, 5 pages
Database: Academic Search Complete
Publisher: EBSCOhost.
URL: http://search.ebscohost.com

Abstract: Focuses on capital punishment in the U.S. Purposes of the criminal justice system; Brief history of the implementation of the capital punishment; Definition of retributive justice; Information on execution statistics from 1977 to 2002.
(Argument)

College Tuition Costs

Title: “Affordability.”
Authors: Finney, Joni E. and Patrick J. Kelly
Source: Change; Jul/Aug2004, Vol. 36 Issue 4, p54-59, 6 pages
Database: Academic Search Complete
Publisher: EBSCOhost
URL: http://search.ebscohost.com

Abstract: Examines the affordability of higher education in the U.S. from the perspectives of students and their families, and from that of the state. Background on state appropriations for higher education; Policies in establishing tuition levels; Components of state higher education finance policy.
(Feature Article)

Depression

Title: “Facing Darkness
Authors: Scelfo, Julie, Springen, Karen, and Carmichael, Mary
Source: Newsweek; 2/26/2007, Vol. 149 Issue 9, p42-49, 8 pages
Database: Middle Search Plus
Publisher: EBSCOhost
URL: http://search.ebscohost.com

Abstract: This article discusses male depression and its effects on the individual and society. Depression is often overlooked in males because they tend to hide their emotions or mask them with other problems such as drug abuse and alcoholism. New screening systems are becoming available that make it easier for physicians to diagnose depression in men.
(Cover story)


Divorce

Title: "The Effect of Parental Divorce on Relationships with Parents and Romantic Partners of College Students"
Authors: Knox, David, Zusman, Marty, DeCuzzi, Angela
Source: College Student Journal, Dec2004, Vol. 38 Issue 4, p597-601, 5 pages
Database: Academic Search Complete
Publisher: EBSCOhost.
URL: http://search.ebscohost.com

Abstract: Three-hundred-and-thirty undergraduates at a large southeastern university completed a confidential anonymous 26 item questionnaire designed to assess the effect of parental divorce/remarriage on the relationship with their respective parents and on their own romantic relationships. The data revealed several significant relationships-respondents whose parents were divorced and remarried reported being less happy and less close to both their mother and father than respondents whose parents were still married. In addition, offspring whose parents were divorced were more likely to avoid short-term relationships. Implications and limitations of the data are suggested.
(Research Article)

Title: "Adolescents' Perception of the Ideal Mate: Its Relationship to Parental Characteristics in Intact and NonIntact Families"
Authors: Lazar, Amnon, Guttmann, Joseph
Source: Adolescence; Summer2004, Vol. 39 Issue 154, p389-396, 8 pages
Database: Academic Search Complete
Publisher: EBSCOhost.
URL: http://search.ebscohost.com

Abstract: The relation of adolescents' experiencing parental divorce, their perception of parents' characteristics, and their perception of the ideal mate's characteristics was investigated. One hundred adolescents from intact families and 79 from nonintact families were asked to rank both the degree to which each of 40 personality traits characterized their parents and the degree to which each characterized an ideal partner. The results indicated that there was no significant difference between adolescents from intact and nonintact families in the independence of their characterizations of their ideal mate and of their parents. However, differences were found on some of the personality dimensions that were investigated. These and other findings are discussed within the framework of psychoanalytic theory.
(Research Article)

Finances

Title: "Girls and Money: A Coordinated Approach toFinancial Literacy"
Author: Colletti, Carolyn
Source: Independent School, Fall2003, Vol. 63 Issue 1, p62-65, 4 pages
Database: Academic Search Complete
Publisher: EBSCOhost.
URL: http://search.ebscohost.com

Abstract: Discusses a coordinated approach to financial literacy for girls created by the National Coalition of Girls' Schools in the U.S. Importance of financial literacy for women; Results of a study on the financial skills of teenage girls, conducted by the Simmons College School of Management; Growth in the number of female students taking the Advanced Placement Macroeconomics and Microeconomics tests.
(Professional Article)

Global Warming

Title: "Where Have All the Frogs Gone?"
Author: Collins, James P.
Source: Natural History, Jun2004, Vol. 113 Issue 5, p44-49, 6 pages
Database: Academic Search Complete
Publisher: EBSCOhost.
URL: http://search.ebscohost.com

Abstract: Examines the factors that contribute to the extinction of certain frog populations. Global warming and increased ultraviolet radiation; Presence of toxic chemicals in the environment; Emergence of infectious diseases.
(Feature Article)

Title: “The Enhanced Greenhouse Effect and Climate Change”
Author: Evans, Kim Masters
Source: The Environment: A Revolution in Attitudes Detroit: Thomson Gale, 2006.

Database: Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center
Publisher: Thomson Gale.
URL: http://0-infotrac.galegroup.com.library.dcccd.edu/menu/

Title: “Global Warming”
Author: none
Source: Current Issues: Macmillan Social Science Library New York: Macmillan, 2003.

Database: Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center
Publisher: Macmillan.
URL: http://0-infotrac.galegroup.com.library.dcccd.edu/menu/

Title: “Greenhouse Effect”
Author: Rehkopf, Linda
Source: Environmental Encyclopediaience. Eds. Bortman, Marci, Brimblecombe, Peter, Cunningham, Mary Ann, Detroit: Gale, 2003.

Database: Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center
Publisher: Gale
URL: http://0-infotrac.galegroup.com.library.dcccd.edu/menu/

Title: "The Physical Science Behind Climate Change"
Authors: Collins, William, Colman, Robert, Haywood, James, Manning, Martin R., Mote, Philip

Source: Scientific American, Aug2007, Vol. 297 Issue 2, p64-71, 8 pages
Database: Mas Ultra - School Edition
Publisher: EBSCOhost.
URL: http://search.ebscohost.com

Abstract: This article presents information on global warming provided by a working group of scientists. A summary of their findings concluded that human-induced warming over the past three and a half decades has had a discernible influence on physical and biological systems. The key driver of climatic change is greenhouse gas emissions from human activities. The report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) says the future of the planet lies in the lands of the human race.

Title: "Thinking About the Artctic's Future: Scenarios for 2040"
Author: Brigham, Lawson W.
Source: The Futurist, September/October2007, Vol. 41 Issue 5, p27-34
Database: SIRS Knowledge Source
Publisher: ProQuest
URL: http://sks.sirs.com

Summary: "The Arctic is undergoing an extraordinary transformation early in the twenty-first century--a transformation that will have global impacts. Temperatures in the Arctic are rising at unprecedented rates and are likely to continue increasing throughout the century....To evaluate the potential impacts of such rapid changes, we turn to the scenario-development process, the creation of plausible futures to enhance a dialogue among a multitude of stakeholders and decision makers." (Futurist) Four scenarios for the Arctic's future in 2040 are discussed.

 

Six-page overview article on global climate change from web page www.exploratorium.edu.

http://www.exploratorium.edu/climate/primer/index.html

 

Five-page article on the consequences of global warming from the web site of the Natural Resources Defense Council.

http://www.nrdc.org/globalWarming/fcons.asp

 

The Environmental Protection Agency's Climate Change web site offers links to many articles relating to the causes and effects of global warming and climate change.

http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/


Health Care

Title: “Universal Health Care Is Not the Best Solution for the Uninsured
Author: Forman, L. Dean
Source: Reprinted in Opposing Viewpoints: Health Care. Ed. Karen Balkin. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2004.

Reprinted from "Universal Health Insurance Won't Work Here," Sacramento Business Journal, by L. Dean Forman, February 4, 2000

Database: Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center
Publisher: Thomson Gale.
URL: http://0-infotrac.galegroup.com.library.dcccd.edu/menu/
(Argument)


Title: “Universal Health Care Is the Best Solution for Uninsured Americans
Author: Robert L. Ferrer.
Source: Reprinted in Opposing Viewpoints: Health Care. Ed. Karen Balkin. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2004.

Reprinted from "Within the System of No-System (A Piece of My Mind)," JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association, by Robert L. Ferrer, November 28, 2001, pp. 2,513–15.

Database: Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center
Publisher: Thomson Gale.
URL: http://0-infotrac.galegroup.com.library.dcccd.edu/menu/
(Argument)

HIV/Aids

Title: "HIV Prevention Enters a New Era"
Author: Campos-Outcalt, Doug
Source: Journal of Family Practice, Jul2004, Vol. 53 Issue 7, p563-565, 3 pages
Database: Academic Search Complete
Publisher: EBSCOhost.
URL: http://search.ebscohost.com

Abstract: Several trends have created a need to reexamine HIV and AIDS prevention efforts. The main HIV prevention interventions used in the United States for two decades have included screening donated blood; screening pregnant women and administering antiretroviral agents to HIV-positive mothers during pregnancy and to their newborns; needle exchange programs; community-wide and risk-group-specific education; and confidential or anonymous HIV counseling and testing programs. The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's campaign called Advancing HIV Prevention makes HIV testing a routine part of medical care whenever and wherever patients go for care; use new models for diagnosing HIV infections outside traditional medical settings; and decrease mother-to-child HIV transmission.
(Professional Article)

Title: "Design HIV/AIDS Prevention Education: What Are the Roles and Responsibilities of Classroom Teachers?"
Authors: Sileo, Nancy M., Lock, Robin H.
Source: Intervention in School & Clinic, Jan2005, Vol. 40 Issue 3, p177-181, 5 pages
Database: Academic Search Complete
Publisher: EBSCOhost.
URL: http://search.ebscohost.com

Abstract: This article lists ways by which teachers may be able to achieve effective classroom instruction when informing youth about the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). Educators of all children must be knowledgeable about HIV and AIDS. HIV is the virus that kills the body's CD4 cells. CD4 cells help one's body fight off infection and disease, and AIDS is the most severe manifestation of infection with HIV. Educators must translate their knowledge into culturally and developmentally competent curricula and instructional practices to ensure better outcomes for all students. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimated in June 2001 that approximately 735,000 people were living with AIDS in the United States, of whom 38% were Caucasian, 41% African American, 20% Hispanic, and 2% Asian/Pacific Islander and American Indian/Alaskan Native. The CDC further estimated that there were approximately 41,000 children, youth, and young adults living with AIDS. Yet, these estimates are only partial when the long incubation period for AIDS is considered. The majority of individuals living with AIDS are apparently young adults who were infected during adolescence and childhood.
(Professional Article)

 

Illegal Immigration

Title: “Illegal Immigrants Should Not Be Issued Driver's Licenses”
Author: King, D.A.
Source: Reprinted in At Issue: What Rights Should Illegal Immigrants Have? Ed. Lori Newman. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2006.

Reprinted from “Feds Are the Problem, Not the Cure, on Illegal Immigration,” by D.A. King, Marietta Daily Journal, Marietta, GA, December 8, 2004.

Database: Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center
Publisher: Thomson Gale.
URL: http://0-infotrac.galegroup.com.library.dcccd.edu/menu/
(Argument)

Title: “Illegal Immigrants Should Be Issued Driver's Licenses”
Source: Reprinted in At Issue: What Rights Should Illegal Immigrants Have? Ed. Lori Newman. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2006.

Reprinted from “Economic Outlook Shows Vital Need for Immigrants in U.S. Economy by American Immigration Lawyers Association, 2004.

Database: Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center
Publisher: Thomson Gale.
URL: http://0-infotrac.galegroup.com.library.dcccd.edu/menu/
(Argument)


Iraq

Title: “The United States Must Remain in Iraq to Fight Terrorism
Author: Bush, George W.
Source: Reprinted in At Issue: How Should the United States Withdraw from Iraq? Neal Pozner, Ed. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2005.

Reprinted from George W. Bush, address to the nation, Washington, DC, September 7, 2003.

Database: Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center
Publisher: Thomson Gale.
URL: http://0-infotrac.galegroup.com.library.dcccd.edu/menu/
(Argument)

Title: “Withdrawing the Military from Iraq Would Improve U.S. Credibility
Author: Odom, William E.
Source: Opposing Viewpoints: America's Global Influence. Ed. David Haugen and Susan Musser. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2007.
Database: Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center
Publisher: Thomson Gale.
URL: http://0-infotrac.galegroup.com.library.dcccd.edu/menu/
(Argument)

Learning

Title: "The Benefits of Group Study"
Author: Petress, Kenneth C.
Source: Education, Summer2004, Vol. 124 Issue 4, p587-589, 3 pages
Database: Academic Search Complete
Publisher: EBSCOhost.
URL: http://search.ebscohost.com

Abstract: Group study in and out of the classroom is strongly advocated in this article. Group study improves students intellectually; when done effectively, it stimulates interest and increases confidence; effective group dynamics also improve classroom management strategies.
(Professional Article)

Title: "Skills for a New Century"
Author: Dillon, Naomi
Source: American School Board Journal, Mar2006, Vol. 193 Issue 3, p22-26, 5 pages
Database: MasterFILE Premier.
Publisher: EBSCOhost.
URL: http://search.ebscohost.com

Abstract: This article discusses the necessary skills that 21st century students must possess to make it in today's competitive and complex world. New Technology High School is aware that an active brain is the most important tool in the 21st century. Critical thinking is one of the school's eight learning outcomes, reinforced by their educational philosophy, which relies heavily on problem solving to teach subject material. In an era of information overload, literacy is also about finding meaning and applying it for maximum benefit--employing, yet again, those all-important thinking skills. In a survey conducted by Society for Human Resource Management, members cited a lack of professionalism and poor communication skills as the top two deficiencies among incoming workers. It appears that 21st century skills are merely a reflection of the marketplace. INSET: From vision to action.
(Professional Article)

Media Violence

Title: “Guns, Lies, and Video
Authors: Wright, Karen
Source: Discover, Apr2003, Vol. 24 Issue 4, p28, 2 pages
Database: MasterFILE Premier
Publisher: EBSCOhost
URL: http://search.ebscohost.com

Abstract: Examines the link between media violence and aggression
in children in the U.S. Average violent acts seen by children who watch
an hour of television; Method for distinguishing the potential causes of
juvenile violence; Correlation between virtual and actual aggression.
(Research Article)

Title: “The Effects of Media Violence on Society”
Authors: Anderson, Craig A.
Bushman, Brad J.
Source: Science; Mar2002, Vol. 295 Issue 5564, p2377, 2 pages
Database: MasterFILE Premier
Publisher: EBSCOhost
URL: http://search.ebscohost.com

Abstract: Examines the effects of media violence on the society in
the U.S. Connection between media violence and aggressive behavior in
children; Implication of media violence programming research; Adoption
of the scientific bureaus on triangulation strategy on the effects of
violence in the media.
(Research Article)


Title: “Media Violence: Advice for Parents.”
Authors: Muscari, Mary
Source: Pediatric Nursing; Nov/Dec2002, Vol. 28 Issue 6, p585-591
Database: Academic Search Complete
Publisher: EBSCOhost
URL: http://search.ebscohost.com

Abstract: Gives advice for dealing with media violence. Effects of media on children; Delivery of information in television; Information on the Motion Picture Academy of America rating system.
(Professional Article)

 

Obesity

Title: "How to Win the Weight Battle"
Authors: Kotz, Deborah
Source: U.S. News & World Report; 9/10/2007, Vol. 143 Issue 8, p60-69, 7 pages
Database: Middle Search Plus
Publisher: EBSCOhost
URL: http://search.ebscohost.com
 
Abstract: The article examines the obesity epidemic among children in the U.S. Factors such as less frequent exercise both at home and at school, parental involvement in weight loss, and general public health are discussed. Terms such as Body Mass Index (BMI) and eating disorders are used. Programs and organizations mentioned include the Trust for America's Health, the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, and the Washington Center for Eating Disorders and Adolescent Obesity.
(Cover story)
 
Title: "The Growing Problems of Overweight American Youths"
Authors: Welch, Gregory L.
Source: American Fitness; Sep/Oct2005, Vol. 23 Issue 5, p54-59, 6 pages
Database: Middle Search Plus
Publisher: EBSCOhost
URL: http://search.ebscohost.com
 
Abstract: The article discusses obesity in children. Overweight in children and adolescents is associated with adverse social and economic standing in adulthood especially among women. Among the health issues related to obesity are type 2 diabetes mellitus, insulin resistance and hyperlipidemia. Overweight is caused by energy imbalance and genetic factors such as low metabolic rate and increased fat cell numbers. Nutrition education, exercise and behavioral intervention are used in treating overweight children.
 

Pollution

Title: "Every Breath You Take"
Author: Bauerlein, Monika
Source: Sierra; Jul/Aug2006, Vol. 91 Issue 4, p56-78, 7 pages
Database: Middle Search Plus
Publisher: EBSCOhost
URL: http://search.ebscohost.com

Abstract: The article offers information about the Fisk Generating Station in Chicago, Illinois. This coal-fired power plant began operating in the 1950s. Though its owners have made some improvements like switching to low-sulfur coal, yet it has none of the major safeguards the nation's premier antipollution law, the Clean Air Act, mandated in 1970. Each year the Fisk plant pumps out about 4,300 tons of sulfur dioxide and more than 2,300 tons of nitrogen oxides, both of which contribute to acid rain and can burn the inside of people's lungs. It also releases more than 117 tons of health-damaging particulate matter and more than 26 tons of volatile organic compounds. Fisk is one of six aging coal-fired power plants around Chicago that since 1999 have racked up more than 7,600 opacity violations. According to the majority of government and other scientists, the past few years have brought overwhelming evidence that pollution at currently permitted levels is sickening and killing thousands of people and that many of those deaths could be avoided with comparatively minor adjustments to present standards.

Title: “Keep Off the Grass!
Author: Scullin, Wendy
Source: E - The Environmental Magazine; May/Jun2005, Vol. 16 Issue 3, p34-39, 6 pages
Database: Middle Search Plus
Publisher: EBSCOhost
URL: http://search.ebscohost.com

Abstract: Focuses on the environmental threats posed by chemical products used in maintaining lawns in suburban communities in the U.S. Health impact of herbicides and pesticides; Risks associated with prolonged exposure to herbicides; Toxic and carcinogenic effects of the chemicals; Ways to maintain lawns without a deluge of industrial chemicals.

 

Rain Forests

Title:"Seeing the Forest"
Authors: Linden, Eugene, Lovejoy, Thomas, Phillips, J. Daniel
Source: Foreign Affairs, Jul/Aug2004, Vol. 83 Issue 4, p8-13
Database: MasterFILE Premier.
Publisher: EBSCOhost.
URL: http://search.ebscohost.com

Abstract: The article provides information on various efforts to address tropical deforestation. Conservationists must find ways to preserve the vitality of the systems that protect a forest, not just the forest itself. Moreover, the pace of deforestation is such that conservationists will have to implement large-scale measures without perfect knowledge of what it is they are trying to save. What is needed, then, is a plan that is comprehensive enough to provide wall-to-wall coverage of an entire rainforest system. The most ambitious prior effort to address tropical deforestation is the Tropical Forest Action Plan, sponsored by the World Bank and United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization. The plan became mired in bureaucratic haggling and actually intensified deforestation in Cameroon. Participants in the Kyoto Protocol, meanwhile still cannot decide whether to include a particular carbon sink provision that would allow industries to offset their greenhouse gas emissions by paying forest owners to keep trees standing. A successful conservation plan should include several basic provisions. First, it should involve every country that is home to a portion of the forest. Second, it should attract outside funding. Third, it should be grand enough to draw a new cohort of donors at a time when past failures and the sheer number of competing projects and international tensions have produced donor fatigue. Fourth, it should be simple and transparent, both to reduce the possibility for misunderstanding in host countries and to minimize the potential for endless negotiation and inertia. Finally, it should be deployed rapidly.
(Feature Article)

Renewable Energy

Title:"Solar is The Solution"
Authors: Heckeroth, Steve
Source: Mother Earth News; Dec2007/Jan2008 Issue 225, p50-56, 6 pages
Database: Middle Search Plus
Publisher: EBSCOhost
URL: http://search.ebscohost.com

Abstract: The article explores the advantages of building a sustainable, solar-electric economy. Relying on coal, oil and natural gas threatens the future with toxic pollution, global climate change and social unrest caused by diminishing fuel supplies. The article looks at the energy resources that people depend on and then compares them with solar energy. It then discusses biofuels and hydrogen as other possible alternatives.

Title: “Power Revolution”
Authors: Lavelle, Marianne
Source: U.S. News & World Report; 11/5/2007, Vol. 143 Issue 16, p46-53, 6 pages
Database: Middle Search Plus
Publisher: EBSCOhost
URL: http://search.ebscohost.com

Abstract: The article reports that because of the power, money and ideas of the computer industry's Silicon Valley executives, solar and other alternative energy sources may come into common usage. With the power of venture capitalists (VC) such as Vinod Khosla, founder of Sun Microsystems Inc., and firms such as Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers, research for the biofuel, geothermal and solar energy industries should be properly funded.
(Cover story)


School Uniforms

Title: “Should school uniforms be mandated in elementary school?
Authors: King, Keith A.
Source: Journal of School Health; Jan98, Vol. 68 Issue 1, p32-37, 6 pages
Database: Academic Search Complete
Publisher: EBSCOhost
URL: http://search.ebscohost.com
(Argument)

Abstract: Opinion. Focuses on impact of wearing school uniforms in elementary schools in the United States in relation to the prevention of school violence. Insight on the association between school violence and the type of clothing wore by students; Reference to a proposal which seeks to implement mandatory uniforms in elementary school; Details on school dress codes.

School Violence

Title: “Creating Safe Schools.”
Authors: Bucher, Katherine T. and Lee M. Manning
Source: Clearing House; Sep/Oct2005, Vol. 79 Issue 1, p55-60, 6 pages
Database: Academic Search Complete
Publisher: EBSCOhost
URL: http://search.ebscohost.com

Abstract: This section focuses on creating safe schools in the U.S. While violent crimes continue to make the headlines, most public schools are physically safe places for educators and students. However, this does not mean that secondary educators can forget about the problems of providing safe schools. Instead, their focus must now change. While still considering physical safety, they must also consider the intellectual and emotional safety of adolescents. Secondary educators must focus on low-level violence, become more process-based, take positive preventative actions through continuing programs and develop a school climate that is culturally sensitive and supportive for all students.
(Professional Article)

 

Title: “Cyber-Bullying: Creating a Culture of Respect in a Cyber world.”
Authors: Keith, Susan and Michelle E. Martin
Source: Reclaiming Children & Youth; Winter2005, Vol. 13 Issue 4, p224-228, 5 pages
Database: Academic Search Complete
Publisher: EBSCOhost
URL: http://search.ebscohost.com

Abstract: In the 1990s, many incidents revolved around student-on-student violence, usually involving guns. Schools implemented many programs to keep guns and gangs out of schools. In the 21st Century, school violence is taking on a new and more insidious form. New technologies have made it easier for bullies to gain access to their victims. This form of bullying has become known as cyber-bullying. This article provides a window on this little known world and offers practical suggestions for dealing with this new challenge.
(Feature Article)

 

Water Shortage

Title: "Not a Drop to Drink"
Author: Ehrenman, Gayle
Source: Mechanical Engineering, Sep2003, Vol. 125 Issue 9, p46-49
Database: MasterFILE Premier.
Publisher: EBSCOhost.
URL: http://search.ebscohost.com

Abstract: By the middle of this century, 7 billion people could be short of water. In drought-plagued regions, such as Zimbabwe, Mauritania, and the western United States, the water crisis has already begun. Though water is indeed a renewable resource, to a certain extent it is also a finite one. Only 2.53 percent of the Earth's water is fresh and some two-thirds of that is locked up in glaciers and permanent snow cover. Freshwater resources are reduced by pollution. The World Water Report estimates that global wastewater production is roughly 1,500 cubic kilometers per year. The World Water Report predicts that by the middle of this century, at worst, 7 billion people in 60 countries will be short of water. While water shortages are not widespread at the present time, a large percentage of the world's population lacks access to safe drinking water. According to the World Water Report, irrigation accounts for 70 percent of all water usage. In Africa, there is sufficient groundwater of high enough quality to support a larger population.
(Feature Article)

 









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