Reference
Richland College Library

MLA Examples

Students, now you can use NoodleBib to write your MLA citations.

Abstracts, Indexes - Print - Electronic

E-Mail - See "Correspondence"

Newspapers / Newswires - Print - Microfiche - Electronic

Annuals, Almanacs, Yearbooks - Print - Electronic

Encyclopedias - Print - Electronic

Oral Presentations - Lecture, Speech, Address, or Reading

Annual Reports - Print - Electronic

Films, Video Recordings, and DVDs - Original - Electronic

Pamphlets

Artworks - Print - Electronic

Foreword - See "Introduction"

Periodicals - Print - Electronic

Atlases, Gazetteers

Government Documents - Print - Electronic

Preface - See "Introduction, Foreword, Preface"

Bibliographies, Guides

Handbooks, Manuals - Print - Electronic

Quotation Compilations

Books - Print - Electronic

Introduction, Foreword, or Preface

Reprint Series - Print - Electronic

Collections and Anthologies - Print - Electronic

Internet Sites, Public Online Postings

Sacred Writings

Conference Proceedings

Interviews

Sound Recordings

Corporate Author

Lectures - See "Oral Presentations"

Sourcebooks

Correspondence, Personal - Print - Electronic

Legal Materials - Print - Electronic

Surveys

Dictionaries - Print - Electronic

Letters - See "Correspondence, Personal"

Television and Radio Programs

Digests - Print - Electronic

Live Performances

Transcripts of TV and Radio Programs - Print - Electronic

Directories

Monographs - See "Books"

Video Recordings - See "Films and Video Recordings"

Editorials -See "Newspapers"

Multivolume Works - See "Encyclopedias," or "Books," or"Reprint Series"

" Web Pages - See "Internet Sites and Public Online Postings"

Additional help for writing MLA citations may be found at NoodleBib Express, an online citation generator.

ABSTRACTS, INDEXES

Print

Abstract Found in an Abstracts Journal

Pineda, Marcela. "Desire in Postmodern Discourse: An Analysis of the Poetry

of Christina Peri Rossi." Diss. Indiana U, 2004. DAI 65.12 (2005):

Item DA3156288. Print.

Electronic

Abstract Found in an Online Database

Zientek, Gigi. "Bilingual Is Better." Momentum 28.1 (1997): 36-38. ERIC. Web.

30 Sept. 2009.

Abstract Found on an Internet Web Page

Sylwester, Robert. "What the Biology of the Brain Tells Us about Learning." Educational

Leadership 51.4 (1993): 46-51. ERIC. Web. 29 Aug. 2009.

 

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ANNUALS, ALMANACS, YEARBOOKS

Print

Familiar Reference Works That Frequently Appear in New Editions

"Health - Arthritis." World Almanac. 2009 ed. Print.

Cormier, William R. "War in the Persian Gulf." World Book Yearbook. 1992. Print.

Electronic

Annuals, Almanacs, Yearbooks Found in an Online Database

"Popular and Electoral Presidential Vote by state, 2008 and 2004 (Chart)."

The World Almanac and Book of Facts. 2009 ed. n. pag. World News Digest.

Web. 3 Sept. 2009.

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ANNUAL REPORTS

Print

Association of College and Research Libraries. Annual Report: Academic Librarians:

Partners in Higher Education. Chicago: Association of College and Research Libraries,

1990. Print.

Texas Lottery Commission. Annual Report. Austin: Texas Lottery Commission, 1996. Print

Electronic

Annual Report Found in an Online Database

"St. Jude Medical Annual Report." 2005. Mergent Online. Web. 5 Sept. 2009.

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ARTWORKS

Print

Painting. Reproduction of Painting Found in a Book

Eakins, Thomas. Spinning.1881. Private collection. Thomas Eakins. Ed. Darrel Sewell.

Philadelphia: Philadelphia Museum of Art in assn. with Yale UP, 2001. Plate 91. Print.

Titian. Annunciation. 1557. Capodimonte National Gallery. Naples. Titian. By Filippo

Pedrocco. Florence: SCALA, 1993. 53. Print.

Electronic

Photograph Found on a Web Page

Lange, Dorothea. The Migrant Mother. 1936. Prints and Photographs Div., Lib. of Cong. Dorothea

Lange: Photographer of the People. Web. 9 Oct. 2009.

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ATLASES, GAZETTEERS

Atlas of the World. New York: Oxford UP, 2008. Print.

Munro, David, ed. Cambridge World Gazetteer. Cambridge: Cambridge UP,

1990. Print.

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BIBLIOGRAPHIES, GUIDES

Dell Isola, Frank. Thomas Merton: A Bibliography. Kent: Kent State UP, 1975. Print.

Harner, James L. Literary Research Guide: A Guide to Reference Sources for the Study

of Literature in English and Related Topics. New York: MLA, 1989. Print.

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BOOKS
(See also "COLLECTIONS AND ANTHOLOGIES" below)

Print

Regular Book with One Author

Walker, Alice. The Color Purple. New York: Pocket Books-Washington Square,

1982. Print.

Regular Book with Two or Three Authors
(If there are 2 or 3 authors, you should name all of them.)
(University is Abbreviated with "U" and Press is Abbreviated with "P".)

Zwerdling, Alex, and Richard Voorhees. Orwell and the Left. New Haven: Yale UP,

1974. Print.

Booth, Wayne C., Gregory G. Colomb, and Joseph M. Williams. The Craft of

Research. 2nd ed. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 2003. Print.

Regular Book with More Than Three Authors
(If there are 4 or more authors, you may name only the 1st and add et al ["and others"].

Plag, Ingo, et al. Introduction to English Linguistics. Berlin: Mouton, 2007. Print.

Regular Book with One Author - Part of a Series

Klier, Barbara. Education Reflecting Our Society. Detroit: Gale, 2000. Print.

Information Plus Reference Ser.

Regular Book with a Book Title within a Book Title

Kamens; Edward, and Murasaki Shikibu. Approaches to Teaching Murasaki

Shikibu's The Tale of Genji. New York: MLA. 1993. Print.

Book with Editors Instead of Author - Part of a Series

Foster, Carol E., Mark A. Siegel, and Nancy R. Jacobs, eds. Women's Changing Role.

Wylie: Information Plus, 1990. Print. The Information Series on Current Topics.

Book Has an Edition Number.

Booth, Wayne C., Gregory G. Colomb, and Joseph M. Williams. The Craft of

Research. 2nd ed. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 2003. Print.

Book that is a Translation

Ellul, Jacques. Propaganda: The Formation of Men's Attitudes. Trans. Konrad Kellen

and Jean Lerner. New York: Knopf, 1965. Print.

Book with More than One Volume
When you use two or more volumes of a multivolume work that is not a reference work,
cite the total number of volumes in the work.

Malone, Dumas. Jefferson and His Time. 6 vols. Boston: Little, 1948-81. Print.

Rampersad, Arnold. The Life of Langston Hughes. 2nd ed. 2 vols. New York:

Oxford UP, 2002. Print.

Electronic

Book Found in an Online Database

Kreimer, Alcira, and Margaret Arnold, eds. Managing Disaster Risk in Emerging

Economies. Washington: World Bank, 2000. NetLibrary DCCCD

eContent Collection. Web. 4 Oct. 2009.

Book Found on an Internet Web Page

Child, L. Maria, ed. . The Freedmen's Book. Boston, 1866. Google Book Search.

Web. 15 May 2008.

London, Jack. The Game. 1913. Project Gutenberg. Web. 1 Oct. 2009.

COLLECTIONS AND ANTHOLOGIES

Print

Biographical Essay in an Annually Published Collected Biography

"Jodie Foster." Current Biography. 1992. Print.

Essay in an Anthology. Original

Davis, Mike. "Fortress Los Angeles: The Militarization of Urban Space."

Variations on a Theme Park: The New American City and the End

of Public Space. Ed. Michael Sorkin. New York: Hill, 1992. 154-80. Print.

Le Guin, Ursula K. "The Space Crone." Dancing at the Edge of the World:

Thoughts on Words, Women, Places. New York: Grove, 1989. 3-6. Print.

Multivolume Collections and Anthologies

When Only One Volume Of A Multivolume Work Is Used
(Page numbers are required in parenthetical notes, but not in the works cited entry,
unless the work is not in alphabetical order.)

Alder, Thomas P. "Edward Albee." Critical Survey of Drama: English Language Series. Ed. Frank N.

Magill. Vol. 1. Englewood Cliffs: Salem, 1985. Print.

Brooker, Jewel Spears. "T. S. Eliot." American Poets, 1880-1945. Ed. Peter

Quartermain. Detroit: Gale, 1986. Print. Dictionary of Literary Biography 45.

"Fromm, Erich 1900-1980." Contemporary Authors. Vol. 29. Detroit: Gale, 1990.

189 vols. to date. 1981-. Print. New Revision Ser.

Hopkinson, Tom. "George Orwell." British Writers. Ed. Ian Scott-Kilvert. Vol. 7.

New York: Scribner's, 1984. 273-87. Print.

Morsberger, Robert E. "James Thurber." American Writers. Ed. Leonard Ungar.

Supp. I pt. 2. New York: Scribner's, 1979. 602-27. Print.

When you use only one volume of a multivolume work, include the volume number of the volume
you used. Include page numbers of article only when articles are not in alphabetical order.


Stowe, Harriet, Beecher. "Sojourner Truth, the Libyan Sibyl." 1863. The Heath

Anthology of American Literature. Ed. Paul Lauter et al. 4th ed. Vol. 1.

Boston: Houghton, 2002. 2530-38. Print.

When More Than One Volume of a Multivolume Work Is Used
(Specific volume and page numbers are included as part of in-text references, e.g., 4:37.)


Cambridge History of English Literature
. Ed. A. W. Ward and A. R.

Waller. 15 vols. London: Cambridge UP, 1932. Print,

Orwell, George. The Collected Essays, Journalism and Letters of George

Orwell. Ed. Sonia Orwell and Ian Angus. 4 vols. New York: Harcourt, 1968. Print.

When Each Volume has a Separate Title
(Give the Title of the Volume Used, As Well As the Title of the Multivolume Work.)


Churchill, Winston S. The Age of Revolution. New York: Dodd, 1957. Vol. 3 of

A History of the English-Speaking Peoples. 4 vols. 1956-58. Print.

Poem, Short Story, or Play in a Collection or Anthology

Chekhov, Anton. The Cherry Orchard. Trans. Avraham Yarmolinsky. Norton

Anthology of World Masterpieces. Ed. Maynard Mack. 4th ed. Vol. 2.

New York: Norton, 1979. 1192-1230. Print

Lazard, Naomi. "In Answer to Your Query." The Norton Book of Light Verse.

Ed. Russell Baker. New York: Norton, 1986. 52-53. Print.

O'Connor, Flannery. "The Life You Save May be Your Own." The Realm of Fiction:

74 Short Stories. Ed. James B. Hall and Elizabeth C. Hall. 3rd ed. New York: McGraw,

1977. 479-88. Print.

Essay in an Anthology. Reprint

Reprint Article Title has not been changed from the Original Source

(Begin with the original - end with the reprint.)

Granville-Barker, Harley. "Place-Structure and Time-Structure." Prefaces to

Shakespeare: Hamlet. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1965. 38-46. Rpt. in

Twentieth-Century Interpretations of Hamlet: a Collection of Critical

Essays. Ed. David Bevington. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice, 1968. 27-31. Print.

Electronic

Collections and Anthologies Found in an Online Database

"East Timor - Life Style: Dating and Marriage." CultureGrams World Edition. 2007.

Web. 17 Aug. 2009.

Quirino, Leonard. "The Cards Indicate a Voyage on A Streetcar Named Desire."

Tennessee Williams: A Tribute. Ed. Jac Tharpe. U.P. of Miss., 1977.

77-96. Literature Resource Center. Web. 9 July 2009.

Sobania, Neal. "Kenya: Marriage Forms." The Modern World. Westport: Greenwood.

World Cultures Today. Web. 8 Aug. 2009.

Spiller, Robert E. James Fenimore Cooper. American Writers. Vol. 1. Scribner's,

1974. 335-57. Literature Resource Center. Web. 10 Aug. 2009.

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CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS

Ecobichon, Donald J., and Joseph M. Wu, eds. Environmental Tobacco Smoke:

Proceedings of the International Symposium on Environmental Tobacco

Smoke at McGill University. Lexington: Lexington, 1990. Print.

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CORPORATE AUTHOR
(company, institution, association, or government agency)
See also "GOVERNMENT DOCUMENTS" below.

Dallas County Community Colleges. Richland College. Institutional Self-Study.

Dallas: Richland College, 1993. Print.

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CORRESPONDENCE, PERSONAL

Print

Surface Mail (Use MS for handwritten; use TS for typescript.)

Evans, Lorene. Letter to the author. 5 Apr. 2008. TS

Electronic

E-mail

Jeser-Skaggs, Sharlee. "Keyword Quirks." Message to Gary Duke.

28 Feb. 2005. E-mail.

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DICTIONARIES

Print

General Dictionary

"Hard Rock." The American Heritage Dictionary of the English

Language. 4th ed. Boston: Houghton, 2006. Print.

Subject Dictionary

American Library Association. ALA Glossary of Library and

Information Science. Chicago: ALA, 1983. Print.

Electronic

Dictionary From an Online Database

"Lexicography." Webster's Third New International Dictionary,

Unabridged. Merriam-Webster. 1993. Web. 9 Oct. 2009.

Dictionary From an Internet Web Page

Harper, Douglas. "Promotory." Online Etymology Dictionary.

Nov. 2001. Web. 8 Oct. 2009. Web. 9 Oct. 2009.

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DIGESTS

Print

Rudd, Hughes. Rev. of Texas, by James Michener. New York Times

Book Review 13 Oct., 1985: 9. Rpt. in Book Review Digest.

1986. New York: Wilson, 1987. Print.

Electronic

Digest Found in an Online Database

"Ex-Klannsman Convicted of Manslaughter in 1964 Case: Guilty in

Mississippi Civil Rights Murders." Facts on File World News

Digest 23 June 2005: n. pag. World News Digest. Web. 9 Sept. 2009.

Sadker, David, and Karen Zittleman. "Gender Bias Lives, For Both sexes." Education

Digest: Essential Readings Condensed for Quick Review 70.8 (Apr. 2005):

27-30. ERIC. Web. 19 Sept. 2008.

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DIRECTORIES

"109th Congress: Nebraska." Congressional Directory 109th Congress. Washington:

GPO, 2005 - 2006. 160-62. Print.

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EDITORIALS
See "NEWSPAPERS" below.

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E-MAIL
See "CORRESPONDENCE" above.

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ENCYCLOPEDIAS

Print

General Encyclopedias

General Encyclopedias That Often Appear in New Editions

Carroll, Bob. "Football." World Book Encyclopedia. 2009 ed. Print.

General Encyclopedia with Title of Subset

Smith, Bruce Lannes. "Propaganda." The New Encyclopaedia

Britannica: Macropaedia. 15th ed. 2002. Print.

General Encyclopedia with Article Subsections by Different Authors

Faherty, Robert L. "Rites and Ceremonies: Sacrifice." The New

Encyclopaedia Britannica: Macropaedia. 15th ed. 2002. Print.

Less Familiar General Encyclopedia. No Author

"Industrial Architecture." New Caxton Encyclopedia. 20 vols. London:

Caxton, 1977. Print.

Subject Encyclopedias - Citing a Work that Has More than One Volume (a multivolume work)

Subject Encyclopedias: Article Has an Author and Set Has a General Editor

Parke, Ross D., and David J. McDowell. "Fatherhood." International

Encyclopedia of Marriage and Family. Ed. James J. Ponzetti, Jr.

2nd ed. Vol. 2. New York: Macmillan, 2003. Print.

Smith, Bruce L. "Propaganda." International Encyclopedia of the Social

Sciences. Ed. David L. Sills. Vol. 12. New York: MacMillan, 1968. Print.

Subject Encyclopedia: Article Has No Named Author

"Censorship." West's Encyclopedia of American Law. Vol 2. St. Paul: West, 1998. Print.

"Dallas County Community College District." The New Handbook of Texas. Ed. Roy R.

Barkley. Vol. 2. Austin: Texas State Historical Association, 1996. Print.

Subject Encyclopedia Not in Alphabetical Order (give page numbers) and Has No Named Author

"Parallel Universes." The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Science and the Future. Vol. 9.

New York: Cavendish, 1983. 1116. Print.

"Rain Forests." UXL Encyclopedia of Biomes. Ed. Marlene Weigel and Julie L. Carnagie.

Vol. 2. Detroit: UXL-Gale, 2000. 305-41. Print.

Encyclopedia Itself Has an Author

Schwarzenegger, Arnold. Encyclopedia of Modern Bodybuilding. New York:

Simon, 1985. Print.

Electronic

General Encyclopedias

General Encyclopedia Article Found in an Online Database

"Electoral College." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2007. Britannica Online. Web.

15 Aug. 2009.

"New York City Bans Trans Fats (Special Report)." Facts on File World News Digest.

Dec. 2006: n. pag. World News Digest. Web. 9 Sept. 2009.

General Encyclopedia Article Found on an Internet Web Page

"Egyptian Religion." Infoplease: Encyclopedia.The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia,

6th ed. 2007. Pearson. Web. 5 Oct. 2009

Subject Encyclopedias

Subject Encyclopedia Article Found in an Online Database

Phillips, Charles, and Alan Axlerod. "Bay of Pigs Invasion." Encyclopedia of Wars.

New York: Facts on File, 2005. American History Online. Web. 3 Sept. 2009.

Spiller, Robert E. "James Fenimore Cooper." American Writers. Vol. 1. Scribner’s,

1974. 335-57. Literature Resource Center. Web. 10 Aug. 2009.

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FILMS, VIDEO RECORDINGS, AND DVDs

Original

Film

It's a Wonderful Life. Dir. Frank Capra. Perf. James Stewart, Donna Reed, Lionel

Barrymore, and Thomas Mitchell. RKO, 1946. Film.

Videocassette

The Wrong Stuff: American Architecture. Dir. Tom Bettag. Carousel Films, 1983.

Videocassette.

Electronic

Video Viewed on an Internet Web Page

"Hazing in the Navy." CNN.com. Cable News Network, 12 Oct. 2009. Web.

12 Oct. 2009.

Richland College Library. "What Do You Love About the Richland College

Library?" YouTube.com. N.p., 13 Apr. 2009. Web. 22 Sept. 2009.

Note: Examples of citations for films vary according to the emphasis of the paper. For explanation
and examples consult the MLA Handbook at the Reference Desk.

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FOREWORD
(See "INTRODUCTION" below)

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GOVERNMENT DOCUMENTS
(see also "CORPORATE AUTHORS" above)

Print

United States. Dept. of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics. "Physician Assistants."

Occupational Outlook Handbook. 1992-93 ed. Washington: GPO, 1992. Print.

United States. National Center for Health Statistics. "Marriages and Divorces." Statistical

Abstract of the United States: 1992. Washington: GPO, 1991. Print.

United States. Office of Management and Budget. Budget of the United States

Government: Fiscal Year 1990. Washington: GPO, 1989. Print.

Electronic

Government Document Found in an Online Database

Tiahrt, Todd. "Fiscal 2008 Budget: Federal Aviation Administration." FDCH

Congressional Testimony. 21 Mar. 2007. MasterFILE Premier.

Web. 18 Sept. 2009.

Government Document Found on an Internet Web Page

"The Unanimous Declaration of the Thirteen United States of America." Declaration

of Independence. Archiving Early America. 4 July 1776. Web. 12 Oct. 2009.

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HANDBOOKS, MANUALS

Print

Robinson, Jancis, ed. Oxford Companion to Wine. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1994. Print.

"Texas Instruments." Mergent Handbook of Common Stocks. Winter 2009 ed. Print.

Wilson, Mark J., ed. "Modes and Systems." The ARRL Handbook for Radio

Communications. 84th ed. Newton: AARL, 2007. 9.1-.54. Print.

Electronic

Handbook Found in an Online Database

Schwartz, Jerry, "Covering a Beat: Television." Reporting Handbook. Associated Press

Series. New York: McGraw, 2002. 99-106. NetLibrary. Web. 14 Aug. 2009.

Handbook Found on an Internet Web Page

"Commercial and Industrial Designers." Occupational Outlook Handbook. 2008-09 ed.

Bureau of Labor Statistics. 18 Dec. 2007. Web. 13 Oct. 2009.

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INTRODUCTION, FOREWORD, OR PREFACE

Feal, Rosemary G. Foreword. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 7th ed.

New York: MLA, 2009. xiii-xv. Print.

Stewart, George R. Introduction. American Place-Names: A Concise and Selective

Dictionary for the Continental United States of America. New York: Oxford UP,

1970. xvii-xxxiii. Print.

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INTERNET SITES AND WEB PAGES

Blog

Jeser-Skaggs, Sharlee. "National Information Literacy Awareness Month." What's

Happening in the Richland College Library. Richland College Library.

5 Oct. 2009. Web. 12 Oct. 2009.

Book Online

Millay, Edna St. Vincent. Second April. New York: Mitchell Kennerley, 1921.

Carnegie Mellon University Hillman Library. 12 May 1997. Web. 27 July 2009.

E-Mail
(see "CORRESPONDENCE" above)

Newspaper Article Online

Browning, Lynnley. "Tax Day Looms for Americans with Offshore Bank Accounts."

New York Times 12 Oct. 2009, Business sec. Web. 12 Oct. 2009.

Magazine Article Online

Gilgoff, Dan. "The Country's Emerging Shift on Abortion." U.S. News and World

Report. 9 Oct. 2009, Religion sec. Web. 12 Oct. 2009.

Journal Article Online

Graves, William H. "Why We Need Internet II." Educom Review 31.5 (1996): n.p.

26 Jan. 1997. Web. 21 Sept. 2009.

Web Pages

Web page with author given

Menand, Louis. "Honest, Decent, Wrong." New Yorker. CondeNet, 27 Jan. 2003. Web.

3 Sept. 2009.

Web page has no author given

"Greenhouse Gas Emissions." Climate Change - Greenhouse Gas Emmissions. U.S.

Environmental Protection Agency, 15 Apr. 2008. Web. 3 Aug. 2009.

Web page with no author given and no date given

"Cars, Trucks, & Air Pollution." Clean Vehicles. Union of Concerned Scientists,

n.d. Web. 3 Aug. 2009.

Web page that would be difficult to find without the URL (Add url enclosed in angle brackets < >.)

Eaves, Morris, Robert Essick, and Joseph Viscomi, eds. The William Blake Archive.

Lib. of Cong., 28 Sept. 2007. Web. 20 Nov. 2008. <http://www.blakearchive.

org/blake/>.

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INTERVIEWS

By Letter

Copland, Aaron. Letter to the author. 17 May 1982.

By Phone

Poussaint, Alvin F. Telephone interview. 10 Dec. 1980.

Face to Face

Pei, I. M. Personal interview. 22 July 1993.

In Print -Found in a Newspaper

Gordimer, Nadine. Interview New York Times 10 Oct. 1991, late ed.: C25. Print

On Radio

Breslin, Jimmy. Interview by Neal Conan. Talk of the Nation. Natl. Public Radio. WBUR,

Boston. 26 Mar. 2002. Radio.

On Television

Wiesel, Elie. Interview by Ted Koppel. Nightline. ABC. WABC, New York. 18 Apr.

2002. Television.

Published in a Magazine
See "PERIODICALS--MAGAZINES" below

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LECTURES
See ORAL PRESENTATIONS

TOP

LEGAL MATERIALS

Print

Codes
Vernon’s Texas Codes Annotated

V.T.C.A., Alcoholic Beverage Code sec. 32.03. Print.

Laws
Vernon's Annotated Revised Civil Statutes of the State of Texas

Vernon’s Ann. Civ. St. art. 165-68. Print.

Public Law

Aviation and Transportation Security Act. Pub. L. 107-71. 115 Stat. 597-647. 19 Nov. 2001. Print.

Electronic

Court Case Found on an Internet Web Page

Brown v. Board of Educ. 347 US 483-96. Supreme Court of the US. 1945. Supreme

Court Collection. Legal Information Inst., Cornell U Law School, n.d. Web.

3 Aug. 2007.

[Note: For additional guidance on citing legal material, see Miles O. Price,
A Practical Manual of Standard Legal Citations. Ref KF245.P7]

TOP

LETTERS
See "CORRESPONDENCE, PERSONAL " above.

TOP

LIVE PERFORMANCES

Heartbreak House. By George Bernard Shaw. Dir. Robin Lefevre. Perf. Philip

Bosco and Swoosie Kurtz. Roundabout Theatre Company. Amer.

Airlines Theatre, New York. 1 Oct. 2006. Performance.

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MONOGRAPHS
(See "BOOKS" above.)

TOP

MULTIVOLUME WORKS

See "ENCYCLOPEDIAS" above; see "BOOKS" above; see "REPRINT SERIES " below.

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NEWSPAPERS / NEWSWIRES

Print

Regular Article. City Location Clearly Shows in Newspaper Name. Continuation of Article on Following Pages.

Lindenberger, Michael A. "Left Unpaid, Tolls Grow - and Fast." Dallas Morning News

1 July 2009: 1A+. Print.

Regular Article. City Location Not Indicated in Newspaper Name. Continuation of Article on Following Pages.

Alaton, Salem. "So Did They Live Happily Ever After?." Globe and Mail [Toronto]

21 Dec. 1997: D1+. Print.

Original Book Review in a Newspaper

Berry, Jason. "The High Price of Hate." Rev. of Hate on Trial: The Case Against

America’s Most Dangerous Neo-Nazi, by Morris Dees and Steve Fiffer.

New York Times Book Review 21 May 1993: 27. Print.

Editorials

Editorial in Original Newspaper. No Author Identified. Sections Numbered Differently.

"Obama Must Get Direct." Editorial. Dallas Morning News 24 July 2009, sec.

A:20. Print.

Editorial Found in Reprint Service. No Author. No Article Title. Name of Newspaper Supplemented.

Editorial. The Blade [Toledo] 27 Jan. 1993. Rpt. in Editorials on File. New York: Facts

on File, 1993. 106. Print.

Microfiche (Newspaper Article Found in Microform)

Brody, Jane E. "Brain Yields Clues to Its Visual Maps." New York Times 23 Mar.

1993. Current Events Edition 1993: fiche 29, grids 42-43. Microform.

Chapman, Dan.. "Panel Could Help Protect Children." Winston-Salem Journal 14

Jan. 1990:14. Microform. NewsBank: Welfare and social Problems 12

(1990): fiche 1, grids A8-11.

Electronic

News Articles Found in an Online Database

Facts on File

Use n. pag. to indicate that no pagination was given.

"Electoral College in the Spotlight (Reserach Feature)." Facts On File World News

Digest Nov. 2000: n. pag. World News Digest. Web. 26 Aug. 2009.

"National Identification Cards." Issues & Controversies On File 28 Dec. 2001: n. pag.

Issues & Controversies. Web. 6 Sept. 2009.

"No Sponge Left Behind." Today's Science Aug. 2006: n. pag. Today's Science. Web.

3 Sept. 2009.

Historical New York Times

No Author Given. Continuation of Article on Following Pages.

"Child Stolen in Evening." New York Times 2 Mar. 1932: 1+. The Historical New York

Times. Web. 19 Aug. 2009.

InfoTrac Newspapers

Cane, Alan. "So Near, So Far." The Financial Times 15 June 2004: 12. InfoTrac

Newspapers. Web. 7 Aug. 2009.

Name of City Does Not Appear in Newspaper Name

Quinn, Dale. "2 Homemade Bombs Found; Man Arrested." Arizona Daily Star [Tucson] 26

Oct. 2006: B4. InfoTrac Custom Newspapers. Web. 8 July 2009.

NewsBank Newsfile

Trahan, Jason. "Drama Unfolded in Jabari's Final Hour." Dallas Morning News 29 May

2004: 15A Newsbank. Web. 18 June 2009.

Newspaper Source

Potter, Trevor." Time to Restore Trust in our Campaign System." Christian Science

Monitor 12 July 2001: 9. Newspaper Source. Web. 20 July 2009.

Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center (Online Database Reprints)

Reprint Article Title has been changed from the Original Source
(Begin with the reprint - end with the original.)

Use n. pag. to indicate that no pagination was given.

Kaplan, Karen. "Gangs in Cyberspace." Gangs. Ed. J. D. Lloyd. San Diego: Greenhaven,

2002. N. pag. Contemporary Issues Companion Ser. Rpt. in "Gangs Finding

New Turf." Los Angeles Times 31 May, 2001: n. pag. Opposing Viewpoints

Resource Center. Web. 23 July. 2009.

Newspaper Article Found on a Newspaper's Internet Web Page

Williams, Don. "Leach Voices Support for Doege." Red Raiders.com. Lubbock

Avalanche-Journal, 26 Oct. 2009. Web. 27 Oct. 2009.

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ORAL PRESENTATIONS - LECTURE, SPEECH, ADDRESS, or READING

Atwood, Margaret. "Silencing the Scream." Boundaries of the Imagination Forum. MLA

Annual Convention. Royal York Hotel, Toronto. 19 Dec. 1993. Address.

Robinson, Marilynne, and Robert Alter. "The Psalms: A Reading and Conversation."

92nd Street Y, New York. 17 Dec. 2007. Reading.

TOP


PAMPHLETS
(See also "CORPORATE AUTHORS" above)

Pamphlet With Author - Treat Like a Book

Freese, Arthur. S. Understanding Stress. Public Affairs Pamphlet. 538. New York: Public

Affairs Committee, 1977. Print.

Roe, Jon. Governing America: Our Choices, Our Challenge. National Issues Forums.

Dubuque: Kendall Hunt, 1996. Print.

Pamphlet With No Author - Treat Like a Book

Washington, DC. New York: Trip Builder, 2000. Print.

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PERIODICALS

Print

Journals

Article in a Journal with No Issue Number

Ranald, Ralph. "George Orwell and the Mad World: The Anti-Universe of 1984." South

Atlantic Quarterly 66 (1967): 544-53. Print.

Article in a Bimonthly Journal with an Issue Number

Sohrabi, Nader. "Historicizing Revolutions: Constitutional Revolutions in the Ottoman

Empire, Iran, and Russia, 1905-08." American Journal of Sociology

100.6 (1995): 1383-1447. Print.

Magazines

Article with Author in Weekly Magazine

Idelson, Holly. "Gun Rights and Restrictions: The Territory Reconfigured."

Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report 24 Apr. 1993: 1021-27.

Print.

Jost, Kenneth. "Children’s Legal Rights." CQ Researcher 23 Apr. 1993: 339-60. Print.

Painton, Priscilla. "The Maternal Wall." Time 10 May 1993: 44-45. Print.

Rosenblatt, Jean. "Sleep Research." Editorial Research Reports 21 Aug. 1981: 613-32.

Print.

Article without a Named Author in Weekly or Biweekly Magazine

"Cloning." Issues and Controversies on File 18 Apr. 1997: 153-60. Print.

"Stolen Art Treasures Found in Texas." Facts on File 22 June 1990: 459. Print.

Article without a Named Author in Monthly or Bimonthly Magazine

Foreword. "Welfare Reform." Congressional Digest June/July 1995: 162. Print.

"An Inquiry into George Orwell's 1984." Futurist Dec. 1983: 21-32. Print.

Article in a Quarterly Serial Publication

"Texas Instruments." Mergent Handbook of Common Stocks. Summer 2009 ed. Print

Book Reviews Published in a Magazine

Named Author and Title of Review

Walsh, Michael. "Myth of the Divine Child." Rev. of Mozart: A Life, by Maynard

Solomon. Time 6 Mar. 1995: 96. Print.

Named Author but No Title

Eastland, Terry. Rev. of Sound and Fury: The Washington Punditocracy and the

Collapse of American Politics, by Eric Alterman. National Review

16 Nov. 1992: 65. Print.

Neither a Named Author nor Title

Rev. of Loitering with Intent, by Peter O’Toole. Atlantic May 1993: 129. Print.

Interview Published in a Magazine

Bush, George. Interview. The New Republic May 1984: 67-74. Print.

Tables as Articles in a Monthly Magazine

"U.S. International Transactions." Economic Indicators Mar. 1989: 36. Print.

Electronic

Journals

Journal Article Found in an Online Database

Academic Search Complete

Coyle, Cheryl L., and Heather Vaughn. "Social Networking: Communication Revolution or

Evolution?" Bell Labs Technical Journal 13.2 (Summer 2008): 13-17. Academic

Search Complete. Web. 31 July 2009.

Health Reference Center-Academic

Harrington, Richard. "Adolescent Depression: Same or Different?" Archives of General

Psychiatry 58 (2001): 21. Health Reference Center-Academic. Web.

30 Oct 2009.

Humanities Full Text

Mayo, James. "Morrison's The Bluest Eye." Explicator 60.4 (2002): 231-34. Humanities

Full Text. Web. 30 Sept. 2009.

Literary Reference Center

Hoeltje, Hubert H. "A Forgotten Hawthorne Silhouette." American Literature 28.4

(1957): 510. Literary Reference Center. Web. 7 Aug. 2009.

Literature Online

A Title Appears Within a Title

Delashmit, Margaret, and Charles Long. "Gilman's 'The Yellow Wallpaper'." Explicator

50.1 (Fall 1991): 32. Literature Online. Web. 18 Aug. 2009

Magazines

Magazine Article Found in an Online Database

Academic Search Complete

Hempel, Jessi., and Beth Kowitt. "How Facebook Is taking Over Our Lives." Fortune 2

Mar. 2009: 48-56. Academic Search Complete. Web. 1 July 2009.

Business Source Complete

No Author Given.

"MCI Enters Prepaid Paging Aimed at Youth." TWICE 6 Jan. 2000: 161. Business Source

Complete. Web. 22 July 2009.

Computer Source: Consumer Edition

Lee, Pender. "Web Push Won't Alter SAP Focus." PC Week 13 Sept. 1999: 37-38.

Computer Source. Web. 20 July 2009.

CQ Researcher

Cooper, Mary H. "Hating America." CQ Researcher 23 Nov. 2001:969-92. CQ

Researcher Online. Web. 17 Aug. 2009.

eLibrary Curriculum Edition

Halpern, Michelle. "Cute, but Scary." Marketing 9 Aug. 2004: 13. eLibrary curriculum Edition. Web.

7 Sept.. 2009.

MasterFILE Premier

Tucker, Reed. "Who Is On a Laugh Track?" Fortune 25 June 2001: 44. MasterFILE

Premier. Web. 26 July 2009.

Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center (Reprints)

Reprints are tricky to cite.
If the reprint article title has not been changed from the original source,
begin with the original and end with the reprint.

If the reprint article title has been changed from the original source,
begin with the reprint and end with the original.

And, you must include the database information at the end of the citation.

Use n. pag. if no pagination is given.
Use n.d. if no date is given.

Type 1 Example - Reprint Article Title has not been changed from the Original Source
(Begin with the original - end with the reprint.)

Barry, John. "Unearthing the Truth." Newsweek 2 Mar. 1998: n. pag. Rpt. in Biological

and Chemical Weapons. Ed. David M. Haugen. Greenhaven, 2001. N. pag.

At Issue Ser. Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Web. 18 June 200.

Type 2 Example - Reprint Article Title has been changed from the Original Source
(Begin with the reprint - end with the original.)

Koppured, Steve. "Modern Farming is Humane." Animal Rights. Ed. Andrew Harnack.

San Diego: Greenhaven, n.d. N.pag. Opposing Viewpoints Ser. Rpt. of

"So What's the Beef About Animal Rights?" Agricultural Engineering May

1993: n. pag. Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Web. 30 Aug. 2009.

Readers' Guide Full Text

Rogers, Heather, and Christian Parenti. "The Hidden Life of Garbage." Utne Reader Nov./Dec.

2002. Readers' Guide Full Text. Web. 4 Oct. 2009.

SIRS Knowledge Source

Perelman, Michael. "The Political Economy of Intellectual Property." Monthly Review

Jan. 2003: 29-37. SIRS Researcher. Web. 27 Oct. 2009.

TOPICsearch

Palmer, Ann Therese, and Sheridan Prasso. "Where Have All the Pay Phones Gone?"

Business Week 14 May 2001: 16. TOPICsearch. Web. 20 July 2009.

Article Found on an Internet Web Page

Journal

Tsokos, George C. "In the Beginning Was Sm." The Journal of Immunology. The

American Association of Immunologists. 176 (2006): 1295-96. Web. 27

Oct. 2009.

Magazine

Kluger, Jeffrey. "The Gentle Cosmic Rain." Time. Time Inc. 9 June 1997. Web. 27

Oct. 2009.

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PREFACE
See "INTRODUCTION, FOREWARD, PREFACE" above.

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QUOTATION COMPILATIONS

Bartlett, John. Familiar Quotations. Ed. Justin Kaplan. 16th ed. Boston: Little,

1992. Print.

Pater, Alan F., and Jason R. Pater, comps. and eds. What They Said. 26th ed. Palm

Springs: Monitor, 1995. Print.

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REPRINT SERIES
(Include citations to the original and the reprint source.)

Reprints are tricky to cite.
If the reprint article title has not been changed from the original source,
begin with the original and end with the reprint.


If the reprint article title has been changed from the original source,
begin with the reprint and end with the original.

And, you must include the database information at the end of the citation.

Use n. pag. if no pagination is given.
Use n.d. if no date is given.

Print

Annual Editions

Type 1 Example - Reprint Article Title has not been changed from the Original Source
(Begin with the original - end with the reprint.)

Journal Article in a Reprint

Asher, Steven R., and Julie A. Paquette. "Loneliness and Peer Relations in Childhood."

Current Directions in Psychological Science. 12.3 (June 2003): 75-78. Rpt.

in Child Growth and Development 06/07. Eds. Ellen N. Junn and Chris Boyatzis.

13th ed. Dubuque: McGraw, 2006. 64-67. Print. Annual Editions Ser.

Magazine Article in a Reprint

Godin, Seth. "Are You Built to Grow?." Fast Company. Nov. 2000: 394-97. Rpt. in

Entrepreneuship. Ed. Robert W. Price. 5th ed. Dubuque:

McGraw, 2006. 146-48. Print. Annual Editions Ser.

Newspaper Article in a Reprint

Graham, Maureen, Rita Giordano, and Christine Bahls. "Crimes By Girls Flying Off the

Charts." Philadelphia Inquirer, 29 Sept. 1998: A1+. Rpt. in Juvenile

Delinquency and Justice 06/07. Ed. David R. Struckhoff. 2nd ed. Dubuque:

McGraw, 2006. 163-66. Print. Annual Editions Ser.

Web Page Article in a Reprint

Vardis, Harry. "Listening to Your Inner Entrepreneuer." Business Week Online. N. p.,

18 July 2003. Rpt. in Entrepreneurship. Ed. Robert W. Price. 5th ed. Dubuque:

McGraw, 2006. 69-70. Print. Annual Editions Ser.

At Issue

Type 2 Example - Reprint Article Title has been changed from the Original Source
(Begin with the reprint - end with the original.)

Journal Article in a Reprint

MacKenzie, Thomas D., Carl E. Bartecchi, and Robert W. Schrier. "Smoking Should Be

Regulated." Smoking. Ed. Karin L. Swisher. San Diego: Greenhaven, 1995. 10-22.

Print. At Issue Ser. Rpt. of "The Human Costs of Tobacco Use: Part 2." New England

Journal of Medicine 330.14 (1994): 975-80.

Contemporary Literary Criticism

Type 1 Example - Reprint Article Title has not been changed from the Original Source
(Begin with the original - end with the reprint.)

Book in a Reprint

Axelrod, Steven Gould. Robert Lowell: Life and Times. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1978.

Rpt. in Contemporary Literary Criticism. Ed. Daniel G. Marowski. Vol. 37.

Detroit: Gale, 1986. 235-36. Print.

Part of a Book in a Reprint

Burgess, Anthony. The Novel Now: A Guide to Contemporary Fiction. Norton, 1967.

109-10. Rpt. in Contemporary Literary Criticism. Ed. Carolyn Riley and

Barbara Harte. Vol 2. Detroit: Gale, 1974. 383. Print.

Magazine Article in a Reprint

Kendrick, Walter. "Stephen King Gets Eminent." Village Voice 29 Apr. 1981: 45. Rpt. in

Contemporary Literary Criticism. Ed. Daniel G. Marowski. Vol. 37. Detroit: Gale,

1986. 197-98. Print.

Current Controversies

Type 1 Example - Reprint Article Title has not been changed from the Original Source
(Begin with the original - end with the reprint.)

Newspaper Article in a Reprint

Editorials on File Editorial. The Blade [Toledo] 27 Jan. 1993. Rpt. in Editorials on File.

New York: Facts on File, 1993. 106. Print.

Type 2 Example - Reprint Article Title has been changed from the Original Source
(Begin with the reprint - end with the original.)

Web Page Editorial in a Reprint

Sherline, Harris. "The Department of Homeland Security Has Not Made Us Safer." Homeland

Security. Ed. Debra A. Miller. Detroit: Gale, 2009. 84-88. Print. Current Controversies

Ser. Rpt. of "Is Our Homeland Secure?" Editorial. American Daughter. N.p., 4 June

2007. <http://editorials.americandaughter.info>.

Enduring Issues

Type 2 Example - Reprint Article Title has been changed from the Original Source
(Begin with the reprint - end with the original.)

Reference Book Article in a Reprint

McGuffin, Peter, and Randy Katz. "Genes Cause Depression." Enduring Issues in

Psychology. Ed. Toni Blake. San Diego: Greenhaven, 1995. 205-16. Print.

Enduring Issues Ser. Rpt. of "Genes, Adversity, and Depression." Nature, Nurture,

and Psychology. Ed. Robert Plomin and Gerald E. McClearn. Washington: APA,

1993. Print.

Film Review Annual

Type 1 Example - Reprint Article Title has not been changed from the Original Source
(Begin with the original - end with the reprint.)

Newspaper Article in a Reprint

Sterritt, David, "The Green Mile." Christian Science Monitor. 10 Dec. 1999: 15. Rpt.

in Film Review Annual 2000. Ed. Jerome S. Ozer. Englewood: Film Review,

2000. Print.

Opposing Viewpoints

Type 2 Example - Reprint Article Title has been changed from the Original Source
(Begin with the reprint - end with the original.)

NOTE: Most of the article titles in the Opposing Viewpoints Series have been changed
from the original source, so in most cases, use these examples for a model.

Book in a Reprint

Bartholet, Elizabeth. "Creating More Adoption Possibilities Should Be Encouraged."

Adoption. Ed. Andrew Harnack. San Diego: Greenhaven, 1995. 55-62. Print.

Opposing Viewpoints Ser. Rpt. of Family Bonds. New York: Houghton, 1993.

Magazine Article in a Reprint

French, Nicci. "Feminism Has Benefited Men." Male/Female Roles. Ed. Auriana Ojeda.

Detroit: Greenhaven-Thompson, 2006. 147-53. Print. Opposing Viewpoints Ser. Rpt. of

"It's Been Tough For the Boys," New Statesman 22 Nov. 1999: n. pag.

Newspaper Article in a Reprint

Karaim, Reed. "Women Should Not Be Encouraged to be Stay-at-Home Mothers."

Male/Female Roles. Ed. Auriana Ojeda. Detroit: Greenhaven-Thomson, 2006.

72-76. Print. Opposing Viewpoints Ser. Rpt. of "The Joys of Having a Mom

With a Job." Washington Post, 20 July 2000: n. pag.

Web Page Article in a Reprint.

Moberg, David. "Forcing Developing Nations to Privatize Public services in Order

to Receive International Loans Harms the Poor." Globalization. Ed. Louise

I. Gerdes. Detroit: Greenhaven-Thomson, 2006. 142-47. Print. Opposing

Viewpoints Ser. Rpt. of "Plunder and Profit." In These Times. N. p., 2004.

<www.inthesetimes.com>.

Taking Sides

Type 2 Example - Reprint Article Title has been changed from the Original Source
(Begin with the reprint - end with the original.)

Book Passages in a Reprint

Rreeman, Derek. "Margaret Mead and Samoa." Clashing Views in Anthropology.

Eds. Kirk Endicott and Robert Welsch. 4th ed. 163-72. Rpt. of The Making

and Unmaking of an Anthropoligical Myth. Harvard UP, 1983. xi-xviii,

281-93. Print. Taking Sides Ser.

Type 1 Example - Reprint Article Title has not been changed from the Original Source
(Begin with the original - end with the reprint.)

Book Passages in a Reprint (No article title given for original article, we assumed it was the same.)

Trask, Haunani-Kay. "Natives and Anthropologists: The Colonial Struggle." The

Contemporary Pacific. N.p.: U of Hawaii P, 1991. 159-66. Rpt in

Clashing Views in Anthropology. Eds. Kirk Endicott and Robert Welsch.

4th ed. 163-72. Print. Taking Sides Ser.

Electronic

Reprints in Online Databases are tricky to cite.

If the reprint article title has not been changed from the original source,
begin with the original and end with the reprint.


If the reprint article title has been changed from the original source,
begin with the reprint and end with the original.

And, you must include the database information at the end of the citation.

Opposing Viewpoints

Type 1 Example - Reprint Article Title has not been changed from the Original Source

(Begin with the original - end with the reprint.)

Magazine Article in a Reprint Found in an Online Database

White, Ann Vorisek. "Television Harms Children." Television. Ed. Jamuna Carroll

San Diego: Greenhaven, 2006. N. pag. Opposing Viewpoints Ser. Rpt. of

"Breaking Out of the Box. Turn Off TV. Turn On Life." Mothering. July/Aug.

2001: 70. Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Web. 21 Oct. 2009.

Newspaper Article in a Reprint Found in an Online Database

 Gill, Steve. "Immigration Increases Unemployment. " Population. Ed. Karen F.

Balkin. Detroit: Greenhaven, 2005, 101-04. Opposing Viewpoints Ser. Rpt.

of "Immigrants Passing Out Pink Slips." The Tullahoma News 14 Oct. 2003:

n. pag. Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Web. 25 Oct. 2009.

Web Page Article in a Reprint Found in an Online Database  

Kaufman, Ron. "Television Is Responsible for the Obesity Epidemic." Television. Ed.

Jamuna Carroll. San Diego: Greenhaven, 2006. N. pag. Opposing Viewpoints

Ser. Rpt. of "Television, Diet, and Advertising: Why Watching TV Makes You

Fat." N.p., 2003. <http://www.turnoffyourtv.com>. Opposing Viewpoints

Resource Center. Web. 30 Oct. 2009.

TOP

SACRED WRITINGS

Bible

Holy Bible. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1962. Print. Authorized King James Vers.

Koran

The Koran Interpreted. Trans. Arthur J. Arberry. New York: Macmillan, 1973. Print.

TOP

SOUND RECORDINGS

Hermann, Edward, narr. John Adams. By David McCullough. Simon, 2001.

Audiocassette.

Holiday, Billie. "God Bless the Child." Rec. 9 May 1941. The Essence of Billie Holiday.

Columbia, 1991. CD.

Hudson, Jennifer, perf. "And I Am Telling You I'm Not going." Dreamgirls: Music from

the Motion Picture. Sony BMG, 2006. MP3 file.

Welles, Orson, dir. The War of the Worlds. By H. G. Wells. Adapt. Howard Koch. Rec.

30 Oct. 1938. Evolution, 1969. LP.

TOP

SOURCEBOOKS

Type 2 Example - Reprint Article Title has been changed from the Original Source
(Begin with the reprint- end with the original.)

Stevens, Thaddeus. "Education As a Public Duty." Annals of America: 1833–1840: The

Challenge of a Continent. Ed. Mortimer J. Adler. Vol. 6. Chicago: Encyclopedia

Britannica, 1968. 21 vols. 136-40. Print. Rpt. of Report of the Commissioner of

Education for the Year 1898-99. Washington: n.p., 1900. 518-24.

"UN Conference on World Population." Historic Documents of 1994. Washington:

Congressional Quarterly, 1995. 351-59. Print. Rpt. of "Gender, Equality, Equity,

and Empowerment of Women." Programme of Action of the United Nations

International Conference on Population and Development, Cairo, 13 Sept.

1994.

TOP

SURVEYS

Unpublished

Roe, Jane. "Presidential Preferences of College Freshmen in the 2008 General Election."

Survey. 1 Oct. 2008.

Survey Published in a Magazine or Journal - Treat as a "Magazine" or "Journal" article.

Survey Published on an Internet Web Page - Treat as a Web page.

TOP

TELEVISION AND RADIO PROGRAMS

"Death and Society.." Narr. Joanne Silberner. Weekend Edition Sunday. Natl. Public

Radio. KERA, Dallas. 25 Jan. 1998. Radio.

"Frederick Douglass." Civil War Journal. Narr. Danny Glover. Dir. Craig Haffner. Arts

and Entertainment Network. 6 Apr. 1993. Television.

If the reference is primarily to the work of a particular individual, cite that person's name before the title.

Wells, Orson, dir. "The War of the Worlds." By H. G. Wells. Adapt. Howard Koch.

Mercury Theatre on the Air. CBS Radio. WEBS, New York, 30 Oct.

1938. Radio.

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TRANSCRIPTS OF TELEVISION AND RADIO PROGRAMS

Print

Fresh Air. Narr. Terry Gross. Natl. Public Radio. WHYY, n. p., 20 May 2008. Print.

Transcript.

Electronic

Transcript Found in an Online Database

Gupta, Sanjay, and Erica Hill, rept. "Killer Flu: A Breath Away." CNN Live

Event/Special. CNN. 24 Jan. 2006. eLibrary Curriculum Edition.

Web. Transcript. 2 Nov. 2009.

TOP

VIDEO RECORDINGS
See "FILMS AND VIDEO RECOREDINGS" above.

TOP

WEB PAGES
See "INTERNET SITES, ONLINE POSTINGS" above.


NOTES:

For full explanations and examples of situations not covered here, determine rule numbers
by looking up format or name of the problem in the index of:

MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 7th ed. New York: MLA, 2009.

LB2369.G53 2009.

MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing. 3rd ed. New York: MLA,

2008. Ref PN147.G444 2008.

MLA may be consulted on the Internet at <http://www.mla.org>.

Additional guidance on citing Internet citations may be found on the Internet at:

"MLA Formatting and Style Guide" from the OWL at Perdue

"Assembling a List of Works Cited in Your Paper" from the Duke University Libraries

The Richland College Library provides a sample research paper with a works cited list

TOP

Copyright © 2014 Richland College | DCCCD Tuesday, December 1, 2009